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Jack Ruby
Biographical Information
Name Jacob Leon Rubenstein
Nickname Jack
Alias Jack Ruby
Occupation Nightclub Owner
Residence Dallas, Texas
Time Period 1960
Status Alive
Relationship Information
Family Joseph Rubenstein (father)
Fannie Rubenstein (mother)
Brothers (mentioned)
Character Information
Portrayed by Antoni Corone
Appearance Other Voices, Other Rooms
Image Gallery (4)

Jack Leon Ruby, (born Jacob Leon Rubenstein) was a nightclub owner with mob connections who killed Lee Harvey Oswald two days after he assassinated President John F. Kennedy.

Character

Biography

During the 1960 election, Jake Epping and Bill Turcotte (the latter of whom was drunk) encountered Ruby at the nightclub he owned. When Ruby introduced himself, Jake was stunned to meet him. Ruby expressed his support for Kennedy and said he hated his own brothers. ("Other Voices, Other Rooms")

Historical Figure

Biography

Jack Ruby

Jack Ruby was born Jacob Rubenstein on March 25, 1911, in Chicago, Illinois, to Polish immigrants Joseph and Fannie (née Rutkowski or Rokowsky) Rubenstein. Upon his parents' separation, he was placed in a foster home. At age sixteen he dropped out of school and became part of the street life on Chicago's West Side. There he worked at various odd jobs, which at one time included delivering sealed envelopes for Al Capone at a dollar an errand, and engaged in years of street-fighting, often in response to anti-Semitic taunts.

He moved to California in 1933. After returning to Chicago in 1937, he was hired by Leon Cooke to assist in organizing a union of junkyard workers. After losing control of the union to Chicago racketeers, Cooke was murdered by the union president in 1939. Ruby left a few months later, and it is unclear whether or not he was connected with the Chicago syndicate.

In 1941 he worked for the Spartan Novelty Company and in late 1942 for the Globe Auto Glass Company and the Universal Sales Company. During World War II he was drafted into the United States Army Air Corps (1943) and spent the war at southern bases working as an aircraft mechanic. He received a good-conduct medal and was discharged in 1946 as a private first class. He then joined his brothers in the Earl Products Company, which manufactured and distributed punchboard gambling devices, miniature cedar chests, key chains, and small kitchen items. In 1947 the men changed their name to Ruby, and the brothers bought Jack out. He moved to Dallas and went into the nightclub business with his sister.

Over the next sixteen years he ran a series of mostly unsuccessful nightclubs, sold items ranging from liquid vitamin formulas to log cabins, and was arrested nine times, although no serious charges were filed.

Jack Ruby shoots Lee Harvey Oswald.

On November 24, 1963, Ruby, then proprietor of the Carousel Club, shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy, in the basement of the Dallas City Jail, during Oswald's transfer to the county jail. Millions of witnesses watched on national television. Although he was defended by Melvin Belli on the grounds that "psychomotor epilepsy" caused him to black out consciously while functioning physically, Ruby was convicted of murder with malice on March 14, 1964, and sentenced to death.

In October 1966, however, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals reversed the conviction on the grounds of improper admission of testimony and the necessity of a change of venue. The arrangements for a new trial in February, in Wichita Falls, were under way, when, on December 9, 1966, Ruby was admitted to Parkland Hospital in Dallas, apparently suffering from pneumonia. Testing quickly revealed terminal lung cancer. He died at Parkland on January 3, 1967, of a blood clot in his lungs and was buried in Chicago.

He never married. He espoused no political affiliation or party preference, denied any involvement in a conspiracy, and maintained to the end that he shot Oswald on impulse from grief and outrage.[1]

See Also

References

  1. Jack Ruby on the Texas State Historical Association website. Retrieved on September 18, 2019, edited.
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